Prince Charles, the heir to the British throne, became King Charles III with Queen Elizabeth’s passing. Charles, 73, has waited decades to ascend to the British throne. He is the eldest of Queen Elizabeth’s four children and has been first in line to the throne all his life. The Prince of Wales’ highly publicised marriage to Lady Diana, the couple’s messy divorce and her tragic death has largely defined his public persona, but in recent years he has tried to restore his image. 


He has been preparing for this role his entire life. As the eldest of Queen Elizabeth’s children, he has been in line to the throne for 70 years, a record in the royal family.

When he was born on the November 14, 1948, his mother was not yet queen. It was not until four years later, when his grandfather King George VI died of a coronary thrombosis, that Elizabeth ascended the throne. The following year, the young Charles attended his mother’s coronation at Westminster Abbey.

After growing up in Buckingham Palace alongside his siblings Anne, Andrew and Edward, Charles was the first to go to school, just like any royal subject, according to his mother’s wishes. 

He attended Gordonstoun School, a regular boarding school in north-east Scotland, the same institution his father, the Duke of Edinburgh, had gone to as a child. Charles did not have fond memories of the school. He went on to study at Cambridge University, where he earned a degree in anthropology, archeology and history – making him the first British monarch with a university degree. 

At the age of 21, in 1969, Charles was officially named The Duke of Cornwall, the title reserved for the oldest male heir of the sovereign.

His mother crowned him Prince of Wales at a ceremony that was broadcast on national television. After university, Charles joined the Royal Navy where he served as an officer for five years, from 1971 to 1976. He also earned his helicopter pilot’s license.  

A fairytale marriage that turned sour

During his youth, the prince was known for his dalliances with several women from well-to-do families. In 1981, at the age of 32, he finally decided to marry Lady Diana Spencer, who was 20 years old and from the British aristocracy. More than 750 million people watched the wedding on television channels around the world. The couple had two sons, William, born in 1982, and Harry, in 1984. But the fairy tale turned into a nightmare a few years later.

The couple separated in 1992, shortly after Diana revealed that her husband had a long-standing extramarital affair with Camilla Parker Bowles, one of his childhood sweethearts. For several years, the Princess and the Prince of Wales could no longer hide their disagreements. Charles’ image was heavily tarnished. Their divorce was officially announced in 1996.

A year later, on August 31, 1997, Diana was killed in a car accident under the Alma bridge in Paris along with her boyfriend at the time, Dodi Al-Fayed. The news sent shockwaves around the world. Prince Charles travelled to France to retrieve the body of his ex-wife. The heir to the crown appeared to be very close with his sons as he took part in the national funeral, walking behind Lady Di’s coffin.

The Green Prince

Charles, long perceived as an unfaithful husband, tried to restore his image. Eight years after Diana’s tragic death, he finally married his greatest love, Camilla Parker Bowles. 

Passionate about botany and gardening, he maintains his reputation as an environmental enthusiast and sponsors several environmental associations. In 2007, he notably created the Prince’s Rainforests Project to raise awareness of deforestation. He is also the president of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) in the United Kingdom. He started an organic farm and garden at his huge country estate, Highgrove Gardens. He also campaigns for organic farming. 

While waiting to become king, Charles carried out many responsibilities within the monarchy. On behalf of the Queen, he officiated at official openings and attended the funerals of foreign dignitaries. In 2013, he represented his mother for the first time at a meeting of the Commonwealth Heads of Government. In 2022, for the first time and because Elizabeth II was experiencing health issues, Charles delivered the Queen’s Speech at the traditional opening ceremony of Parliament.

Persistently unpopular

Considered eccentric and quirky, Charles often found himself engulfed in controversy. In 2005, during the funeral of Pope John Paul II, he aroused controversy by shaking hands with Zimbabwean dictator Robert Mugabe. Ten years later, letters made public and addressed to members of Tony Blair’s government revealed some interference by the heir to the throne in political affairs, which contradicts the tradition of royal family neutrality.

In 2017, he was also hit by the Paradise Papers scandal, which revealed that Charles, who manages his own private funds, invested around 3.5 million euros offshore in the Cayman Islands. 

Last July, Charles found himself in the midst of yet another controversy, as he was accused of accepting a million euros from members of Osama bin Laden’s family for his charity. His popularity then dropped from 50 to 42 percent, far behind his eldest son William, according to the polling institute YouGov.

The new sovereign chose the name of Charles III, even though his first name, Charles, is considered a curse in British history. In the absence of his mother, and in spite of his unpopularity, Charles will nonetheless have to keep the crown afloat. His reign will also be much shorter than his mother’s, giving him little time to leave his mark.

This article was adapted from the original in French